Agroforestry systems: a tool for forest restoration in Cerro Tecana, El Salvador

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6 October 2022
Gabriela Gavarrete

Por Daniel Girón y Gabriela Gavarrete.

Planning a restoration process is not an easy job, we must find the method that is in accordance with the needs of the ecosystem, considering the anthropogenic activities that exist in the place. In this opportunity, we discussed the topic of agroforestry systems with the biologist Daniel Girón to answer some questions that arise at the moment of evaluating the strategy of implementing an agroforestry system in Cerro Tecana, together with his community Lomas del Tecana.

What is an agroforestry system?

Agroforestry systems are a form of land use in which forest trees interact biologically in an area with crops and/or animals; the fundamental purpose is to diversify and optimize production while respecting sustainability in principle (López, 2007). This system is considered as the multidisciplinary combination of several effective ecological techniques, which involve knowing the management of trees and small shrubs, and food crops so that, simultaneously and sequentially, productivity is guaranteed through management that is compatible with the economic activities of the local population (Musalem 2001).

Why are agroforestry systems a good restoration strategy?

  • It plays an essential role in conserving biological diversity in deforested and fragmented areas, providing favorable spaces for the growth, transfer, connection, pollination, feeding, and protection of different species.
  • Trees serve as barriers against wind and storms, prevent the loss of soil nutrients, and are responsible for water recharge. The species used in an agroforestry system strategy should not compete for the same resource. It is necessary to ensure a positive relationship between the species considered since they can protect against diverse climatic conditions and diversification of biological controllers, among others.
  • In the economic sphere, an agroforestry system allows the population to simultaneously take advantage of the resources that serve subsistence and trade the products obtained from the system.

How is the agroforestry system being implemented in Cerro Tecana?

We are taking advantage of and combining the technical and empirical knowledge of the communities to create a strategy that maximizes the potential of the communities’ soils. We restore ecosystems by planting agroforestry systems, which facilitate the establishment of a line of native forest species and using the soil. Thus, the planting of agricultural species generates advantages. 

Agroforestry system implemented in Cerro Tecana with the Suma Un Bosque project: native trees, maize and beans. By Gabriela Gavarrete.

Farmers in the area have been very open to collaborating with the organization Un Pulmón Más through the Suma un Bosque project. Volunteers have focused on assessing the appropriate conditions to establish the system according to the farmer’s needs and educating the inhabitants on the maintenance and monitoring of the plantation.

Why is it essential to synergize with local farmers? 

Collaborative work is crucial in this type of project. It allows visualizing and experiencing first-hand the advantages of this type of strategy, with a view to constant crop production. 

Encouraging farmers to take action and to perceive the benefits of working for conservation and restoration in their community contributes to agroforestry strategies generating different ecosystem benefits. These projects positively impact the farmer and his family, increasing and diversifying their economic income and, in turn, restoring the forest. 

Suma Un Bosque Project by Gabriela Gavarrete, Restoration Steward 2022 for the Bosques ecosystem and Un Pulmón Más.

Gabriela Gavarrete

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Supporting partners

Under the banner of Generation Restoration, the Youth in Landscapes Initiative (YIL) and the Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) launched the Restoration Stewards program in 2020 to support and highlight the work of six young restoration practitioners and their teams, dubbed ‘Restoration Stewards’. The year-long program provides funding, mentorship, and training to deepen the impact of these projects.
In 2021, the Restoration Stewards and their teams will be supported to further develop their project and will become ambassadors at both global and local levels. Globally, the Restoration Stewards will share their journey in a series of vlogs and blogs documenting their stories of inspiration and challenges. Locally, they will spark a restoration movement, creating pathways to connect, share, learn, and act for more sustainable landscapes.